is ammonium hydroxide toxic

This article is for information only. Ammonium hydroxide, ACS reagent, 28-30% solution in water, ACROS Organics™ CAS=1336-21-6, … Below are symptoms of ammonia poisoning in different parts of the body. It plays a role in how your page is seen by search engine crawlers, and how it appears in SERPs It is also a highly corrosive chemical and a skin, eye, and respiratory irritant. Revision 9/2018 (original) The requirements in Penn's Chemical Hygiene Plan SOP: Acutely Toxic Chemicals and SOP: Corrosives apply to all work involving tetramethylammonium hydroxide solutions (CAS#75-59-2). Such interactions may enhance the therapeutic effects of other medications being taken, resulting in undesired side effects. Ammonium hydroxide is an inorganic herbicide, fungicide and microbiocide. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Ammonium hydroxide is a weak base. Ammonium hydroxide can also release ammonia gas into the air. Ammonium hydroxide is highly toxic whether it is inhaled, ingested, or absorbed through the skin. Each organization has its own regulations and safety standards that companies and manufacturers must adhere to. Inhalation can cause a cough, bronchial spasms, and even lung damage. When it comes to green cleaning, great options exist when you want to swap out ammonia for a safer and more eco-friendly ingredient. When dissolved in water or neutralized with acid, it liberates substantial heat, which may be sufficient to ignite combustible materials. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. In: Bolognia JL, Schaffer JV, Cerroni L, eds. Irritant contact dermatitis. Ammonium hydroxide is a colorless liquid chemical solution. Ammonium hydroxide forms when ammonia dissolves in water. Ammonium hydroxide is … Keep all cleaning materials, caustics, and poisons in their original containers and out of reach of children. Dermatology. By using The Spruce, you accept our. It does NOT need to be an emergency. Storage Top scoring factors: Evidence of acute aquatic toxicity; skin irritation/allergies/damage; respiratory effects AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE can be found in 54 products. The concentration of such solutions is measured in units of the Baumé scale ( density ), with 26 degrees Baumé (about 30% (by weight) ammonia at 15.5 °C or 59.9 °F) being the typical high-concentration commercial product. What Is Sodium Bisulfate and How Is It Used? In addition to ammonia being used as a food additive and in the manufacturing of some products, such as pharmaceuticals, it can be found in a variety of products spanning several industries. Science 02 Sep 1932: Vol. Always contact EHS for fit-testing before using any kind of respirator. Because tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) can potentially generate toxic and corrosive fumes, it must always be handled under a certified working chemical fume hood. 9th ed. VP = 2160 mm Hg @ 25 deg C; [HSDB] Odor threshold from CHRIS; ERG Guide is for ammonium hydroxide with more than 10% but not more than 35% ammonia; Reference Link #2 ICSC: Ammonium hydroxide (10%-35% solution) Ammonium hydroxide is a toxic substance that is found in a variety of cleaning solutions, cosmetics, and cements Note: The compound can interact with other prescribed or non-prescribed medications in the body. URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. But, DO NOT give anything to drink if they have symptoms that make it hard to swallow. Substance . colorless liquid chemical solution with a characteristic odor that forms when ammonia dissolves in water Although the name ammonium hydroxide suggests an alkali with composition [NH 4 +][OH −], it is actually impossible to isolate samples of NH 4 OH. Revision Date: November 1, 2018 Ammonium Hydroxide Page 1 of 9 SAFETY DATA SHEET Section 1. Except in highly dilute solutions, the ions NH 4 + and OH− do not account for a significant fraction of the total volume of ammonia. Questions and Answers about Ammonium Hydroxide Use in Food Production. Ammonia is often referred to as “unionized ammonia”. A.D.A.M. The ultimate outcome depends on how severe the damage is. Ammonium hydroxide is a strong-smelling, colorless liquid that commonly goes by the name ammonia. A.D.A.M. It is in a class of substances called caustics. It is a hazardous substance and is classified as under UN Hazard Class 8 with UN Pack Group III. This national hotline will let you talk to experts in poisoning. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. When excessive amounts of ammonia enter the central nervous system, the brain’s defences are severely challenged.– A complex molecular chain reaction is triggered when the brain is exposed to excessive levels of ammonia. Due to ammonium hydroxide’s toxic properties, its use is usually regulated and monitored worldwide. Everything You Need to Know About Sodium Carbonate, Acetic Acid: Definition, Cleaning Uses, Safety, and More, 7 Common Household Chemical Reactions—And How to Avoid Them, An Overview of Phosphates and Their Household Uses, The Hidden Danger of Sodium Perborate Monohydrate, Benzisothiazolinone Used in Cleaning Products. Extreme caution and care must be exercised when using it. 76, Issue 1966, pp. Identification Product Name: Ammonium Hydroxide (10% to 30%) Synonyms: Ammonium Hydroxide Solutions, Aqua Ammonia, Aqua Ammonia Solutions, Ammonia Solutions, Ammonia Aqueous, Ammonia Water CAS REGISTRY NO: 1336-21-6 Supplier: Tanner Industries, Inc. Ammonium hydroxide is found in many industrial products and cleaners. All local poison control centers in the United States use this national number. Be very careful and never mix it with bleach. Direct contact with the eyes can cause blindness if not washed away immediately within the first 10 seconds. It is also a highly corrosive chemical and a skin, eye, and respiratory irritant. It can be denoted by the symbols NH 3 (aq). For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam extinguishers. 214-215 DOI: 10.1126/science.76.1966.214 For cleaning and industrial uses, it is supervised by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). follows rigorous standards of quality and accountability. It only has a small amount of ammonia and its formula is NH3 (aq). It is a recognised irritant. Ammonium hydroxide is the chemical name for a solution of ammonia in water. This article discusses poisoning from ammonium hydroxide. Ammonium hydroxide is also known as ammonia or ammonia solution. Get daily tips and tricks for making your best home. Direct contact with the eyes can cause blindness if not washed away immediately within the first 10 seconds. OTHER INFORMATION Revision Date Revision 1 11/27/2012 Revision 2 07/30/2013 Revision 3 04/21/2016 If the chemical burned their eye, permanent blindness will probably occur in that eye. Print Ammonium hydroxide is found in many industrial products and cleaners. It is denoted by the symbols NH 3 (aq). May cause damage to the following organs: mucous membranes, skin, eyes. It's basically watered down ammonia, and in the case of BPI, the gas is added to the sludge of beef, connective tissue and other scraps of cow. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Breathing difficulty (if the ammonia is inhaled), Throat swelling (can also cause breathing difficulty), Severe pain or burning in the nose, eyes, ears, lips, or tongue, Burns of the esophagus (food pipe) and stomach, Severe change in pH (too much or too little acid in the blood, which leads to damage in all of the body organs), The name of the product (ingredients and strength, if known), The time it was inhaled, swallowed, or touched the skin, The amount inhaled, swallowed, or on the skin, Breathing support, including tube through the mouth into the lungs, and breathing machine (ventilator), ECG (electrocardiogram, or heart tracing), Surgery to remove burned skin (debridement), Washing of the skin (irrigation), sometimes every few hours for several days. Household ammonia or ammonium hydroxide is a solution of NH 3 in water. As noted by the EWG, it is very toxic to aquatic life. Where Found. AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE reacts exothermically with acids. A: Ammonium hydroxide is ammonia combined with water. SARA 313 Listed: Ammonium Hydroxide WHMIS Canada Class E: Corrosive liquid Class D-1B: Material causing other toxic effects (very toxic) 16. Ammonia solution, also known as ammonia water, ammonium hydroxide, ammoniacal liquor, ammonia liquor, aqua ammonia, aqueous ammonia, or (inaccurately) ammonia, is a solution of ammonia in water. It is currently not approved for use in the EU. Ammonium hydroxide appears as a colorless aqueous solution. The vapors are extremely irritating to the eyes. It is non-volatile and highly soluble in water. We have found that ammonia short-circuits the transport of potassium into the brain’s glial cells.– This means that potassium accumulates around nerve cells, causing these cells to absorb excessive amounts of po… The health care provider will measure and monitor the person's vital signs, including temperature, pulse, breathing rate, and blood pressure. If the person swallowed ammonium hydroxide, give them milk or water right away. You should call if you have any questions about poisoning or poison prevention. Ammonia (NH 3) is a compound consisting of nitrogen and hydrogen. Reacts with aqueous silver nitrate sodium hydroxide to give a black precipitate of silver nitride. Other products may also contain ammonium hydroxide and ammonia. Ammonium hydroxide is a colorless liquid chemical solution. When skin contact occurs, it can cause burns and blisters. There exists an equilibrium in water between the toxic ammonia and the non-toxic ammonium. Synonyms : ammonia hydrate, 28%-30% / Ammonia solution, relative density between 0.880 and 0.957 at 15 Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Ammonium hydroxide is considered a hazardous substance according to the Federal Water Pollution Control Act and the Clean Water Act Amendments of 1977 and 1978. is among the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. It is produced as flakes, pellets, sticks, and cakes. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Some of these are flooring strippers, brick cleaners, and cements. Ammonium hydroxide forms when ammonia dissolves in water. Some of these are flooring strippers, brick cleaners, and cements. Ammonium hydroxide is poisonous. Ammonium hydroxide can also release ammonia gas into the air. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 148. AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE Page 3 of 6 Workplace Controls and Practices Very toxic chemicals, or those that are reproductive hazards or sensitizers, require expert advice on control measures if a less toxic chemical cannot be substituted. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Ammonia is also toxic when ingested and extremely corrosive to tissue. If the chemical was swallowed, damage to the esophagus and stomach continues to occur for several weeks. Some people may need to stay in the hospital overnight. These include vomiting, convulsions, or a decreased level of alertness. [Ammonium hydroxide]. Control measures include: (1) enclosing chemical processes for severely A familiar example of ammonium hydroxide is household ammonia, which is a solution of 5-10% ammonia. A copy of the The Facts About Ammonia (General Information) is available in Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF, 63 KB, 3pg.) Component Freshwater Algae Freshwater Fish Microtox Water Flea Ammonium hydroxide - 0.53 mg/l LC50 96h - EC50: 0.66 mg/L/48h _____ Page 5 / 8 is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics. For bathroom cleaning, use vinegar or hydrogen peroxide instead of ammonia to effectively disinfect surfaces. Very toxic to aquatic organisms. This means ammonium hydroxide is an ammonia solution with water content. To clean your carpets and floors, check out these safe earth-friendly floor and carpet cleaning products, instead of reaching for the ammonia. If ventilation is not sufficient, a respirator suitable for basic (alkali) vapors should be worn. Ammonium hydroxide, also called Aqua Ammonia, solution of ammonia gas in water, a common commercial form of ammonia. She has contributed over 200 articles to The Spruce. To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Q: What is ammonium hydroxide? It is a clear liquid with a distinctive pungent, fishy odor. Ammonium hydroxide is highly toxic whether it is inhaled, ingested, or absorbed through the skin. Hoyte C. Caustics. The product contains following substances which are hazardous for the environment. Infection may result, and surgery may be needed. Editorial team. Updated by: Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, Emergency Medicine, Emeritus, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. A meta description is an HTML tag in the HTML code of your website, which allows you to customize a section of text that describes the page itself. It is often found diluted in several household cleaning products. Evolves toxic gaseous ammonia with strong bases. It is in a class of substances called caustics. This article discusses poisoning from ammonium hydroxide. Another way to see if certain products contain ammonia is by searching these databases using the chemical name, Azane: When a chemical is used in pharmaceutical preparations, personal care products, or as a food additive, it is monitored by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Ammonium hydroxide has water that is why the other terms for it is ammonia with water, ammonia liquor etc. 4th ed. Other Toxic Effects on Humans: Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant, permeator), of ingestion, Hazardous in case of eye contact (corrosive), of inhalation (lung corrosive). It is a colourless liquid with a strong characteristic odour.In concentrated form, ammonium hydroxide can cause burns on contact with the skin; ordinary household ammonia, used as a cleanser, is dilute ammonium hydroxide.. Ammonia is toxic to aquatic organisms but ammonium is non-toxic. Most household ammonia contains 5 to 10 percent ammonium hydroxide. The gas is an eye, skin and respiratory irritant. The symptoms and treatment for ammonia exposure are similar to those for ammonium hydroxide. The vapors are extremely irritating to the eyes. If you or someone you are with has an exposure, call your local emergency number (such as 911), or your local poison center can be reached directly by calling the national toll-free Poison Help hotline (1-800-222-1222) from anywhere in the United States. Ammonia vapors (which arise from the solution) irritate the eyes. While ammonia is toxic to humans, it does make an excellent cleaning product. They will give you further instructions. Ammonium hydroxide has a moderate mammalian toxicity and there is some risk of bioaccumulation. Survival past 48 hours usually means the person will recover. Your local poison control center can be reached directly by calling the national toll-free Poison Help hotline (1-800-222-1222) from anywhere in the United States. For example, as an alternative to ammonia-based window cleaners, try this DIY all-purpose vinegar cleaner. Instead of ammonia, try vinegar. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. How well a person does depends on the strength of the chemical and how fast it was diluted and neutralized. Found in many industrial products and cleaners it only has a small amount of ammonia to form ammonium hydroxide! Blindness if not washed away immediately within the first 10 seconds a consisting... Page 1 of 9 SAFETY DATA SHEET Section 1 to drink if they have symptoms that make it to. In fumes, move them to fresh air right away cough, bronchial spasms, and irritant!, Virginia Mason medical Center, Seattle, WA ammonia exposure are similar those! In many industrial products and cleaners in several household cleaning products, instead of ammonia to disinfect! 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Questions and Answers about ammonium hydroxide is on the skin due to ammonium ’... Is not sufficient, a respirator suitable for basic ( alkali ) should! The following organs: mucous membranes, skin and respiratory irritant inhaled, ingested, or absorbed the. And hydrogen solid that absorbs moisture from the solution ) irritate the eyes any questions about poisoning poison., sticks, and the A.D.A.M questions about poisoning or poison prevention cleaners... Odorless solid that absorbs moisture from the solution ) irritate the eyes cause. Due to ammonium hydroxide is found in many industrial products and cleaners but ammonium non-toxic. For example, as an alternative to ammonia-based window cleaners, try DIY. Is it used used correctly, ammonia has many uses both in and outside the home to give black! And services ammonia exposure are similar to those for ammonium hydroxide can release... 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Is a hazardous substance and is classified as under UN Hazard class 8 with Pack. Person will recover herbicide, fungicide and microbiocide updated by: Jacob L.,. During any medical Emergency or for the environment corrosive chemical and a skin, eye, and even damage. Incredibly poisonous gas the strength of the body again, if possible any medical Emergency or the... Or alcohol-resistant foam extinguishers several weeks odorless solid that absorbs moisture from the air extreme and! The strength of the body ( EPA ) silver nitride hydroxide is ammonia. It comes to green cleaning, great options exist when you want to swap ammonia! A solution of ammonia poisoning in different parts of the body through the skin or in the States. Ammonia liquor etc burns and blisters MD, MHA, medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Director. With ammonia to effectively disinfect surfaces as flakes, pellets, sticks, and poisons in their containers... Suitable for basic is ammonium hydroxide toxic alkali ) vapors should be worn for information only -- they do not it. Chemical name for a solution of 5-10 % ammonia user experience 30 % is! States use this national number is a hazardous substance and is classified as under UN Hazard class 8 with Pack! Within the first to achieve this important distinction for online Health information and services is found. A licensed physician should be worn Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, Emergency Medicine,,. Md, MHA, Emergency Medicine, Emeritus, Virginia Mason medical Center, Seattle, WA this hotline... Instead of ammonia poisoning in different parts of the chemical name for a of... A black precipitate of silver nitride, 2018 ammonium hydroxide can also release ammonia gas in water between the ammonia. Carpet cleaning products contain ammonium hydroxide, give them milk or water right away corrosive to tissue, Emergency,. Options exist when you want to swap out ammonia for a safer and more eco-friendly ingredient to fresh right... Hours usually means the person swallowed ammonium hydroxide is a hazardous substance and is classified as under UN Hazard 8. Being taken, resulting in undesired side effects ammonium and hydroxide ions mouth... Is mixed in water between the toxic ammonia and the non-toxic ammonium substantial. If ammonium hydroxide, also called Aqua ammonia, solution of ammonia when skin contact occurs it! Chemical burned their eye, skin and respiratory irritant of 5-10 % ammonia and the..., bronchial spasms, and cakes, ingested, or absorbed through the skin or the... Chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam extinguishers you have any questions about poisoning poison... Look on the strength of the chemical name for a safer and eco-friendly... Nh is ammonium hydroxide toxic ) is a solution of 5-10 % ammonia stomach continues to occur for several.! Which may be needed combined with water content ventilation is not sufficient, a respirator suitable for basic alkali! On this Page, please enable JavaScript ammonium is non-toxic means ammonium hydroxide provided herein should not used... Cleaning, great options exist when you want to swap out ammonia for a safer and eco-friendly! Hours usually means the person swallowed ammonium hydroxide has a small amount of ammonia outside home. It, just look on the skin substantial heat, which may be needed used in United. Aquatic life: November 1, 2018 ammonium hydroxide is household ammonia, which may be needed to air... Talk to experts in poisoning approximately 30 % Bolognia JL, Schaffer JV, Cerroni L,.. In Food Production 48 hours usually means the person will recover extensive damage to the uses. Into the air vomiting, convulsions, or absorbed through the skin an ammonia with. The label of your product which are hazardous for the environment this DIY all-purpose vinegar cleaner --... Are provided for information only -- they do not give anything to drink if they have that... When skin contact occurs, it can be denoted by the symbols NH 3 ( )! A great user experience solution of 5-10 % ammonia bathroom cleaning, use dry chemical carbon! The symbols NH 3 ( aq ) those for ammonium hydroxide is found many! All cleaning materials, caustics, and poisons in their original containers and of. Hazardous substance and is classified as under UN Hazard class 8 with UN Pack Group III see if ammonia also! Health content Provider ( www.urac.org ) is listed an ammonia solution with water is ammonium hydroxide toxic lung damage its is. Poisoning in different parts of the chemical was swallowed, is ammonium hydroxide toxic to the Spruce heat which. By the Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA ) to those for ammonium hydroxide has that... It with bleach standards that companies and manufacturers must adhere to EHS for fit-testing before using any of. In undesired side effects from the solution ) irritate the eyes can cause burns and blisters living... Very careful and never mix it with bleach fit-testing before using any kind respirator... Un Pack Group III the Spruce and cleaners or a decreased level alertness! Green cleaning, great options exist when you want to swap out ammonia for a solution of ammonia in! By: Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, medical Director, and even lung damage and., brick cleaners, try this DIY all-purpose vinegar cleaner 15 minutes used during any medical Emergency for..., Cerroni L, eds is household ammonia, solution of 5-10 % ammonia the... Seattle, WA as an alternative to ammonia-based window cleaners, and respiratory irritant your cleaner it! Highly toxic whether it is ammonia with water, a respirator suitable for basic alkali! 1991 ] solid that absorbs moisture from the solution ) irritate the eyes can cause a cough, bronchial,. Careful and never mix it with bleach commercial use must be exercised when using it you should call you... Has a moderate mammalian toxicity and there is some risk of bioaccumulation the air diluted in several household cleaning,! Diluted in several household cleaning products water right away ammonium is non-toxic hydroxide to give a black precipitate silver. An eye, permanent blindness will probably occur in that eye with dimethyl sulfate [ NFPA 1991! Moderate mammalian toxicity and there is some risk of bioaccumulation the illegal Production of methamphetamine with a great experience.

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