a medical term

In human anatomy, the abdominal cavity (Abdominal = -abdomen/o = abdomen + -al = of the abdomen) is the largest cavity and holds the liver, gallbladder, spleen, stomach, pancreas, intestines, and kidneys. In a healthy adult, the normal amylase level is 56 to 190 IU/l. Esophageal atresia is life-threatening if the two parts of the esophagus aren’t sewed together. Prefix denoting stiffness, fixed or adhered. A gaseous mixture of hydrogen and nitrogen, NH3, colorless, water-soluble pungent compound. Prefix referring to a gland. Lumbar Regions (Left and Right): "lumbar" = vertebrae in the lower back. A medical term that means state of insufficient pituitary (hormones) is. Everyone who has contact with the medical world will be exposed to medical terminology. Based on morphology, adipose tissue is divided into two: white adipose tissue (in adults) and brown adipose tissue (in children). Indicating the vermiform appendix. electroencephalogram. This section was developed for 'speed learning' of medical terminology. The nine abdominal regions divide the abdomen into nine smaller sections. Thus medical terms that may at first seem very complex can be broken down into their component parts to give you a basic idea of their meaning. The word root will usually but not always refer to body systems, organs, anatomy, diagnosis and medical procedures. Tumour arising from astrocytes. Pertaining to the artery. Learn & Explore Assign. The electrical gatekeeper that slows down the cardiac impulse propagation between the atria and the ventricles. The appendix is a 4-inch-long thin tube that sits where the small intestine meets the large intestine. For example, in the disorder hypertension, the prefix "hyper-" means "high" or "ove It is used to collect blood stem cells from donors and for treating a range of blood disorders including blood cancer. Sal ammoniac is the natural mineralogical form of ammonium chloride. cerumen: A substance that helps keep dirt out of the ear and lubricates the skin in the ear. A digestive enzyme secreted by the salivary glands (salivary amylase) and the pancreas (pancreatic amylase). Combining form: a root with a vowel attached to it, most commonly the letter O. Acanthocephala ("acantha= spine, thorn or prickle; -cepahal/o = head") - a phylum of spine-headed worms including Acanthocephalus. Body parts and their accompanying medical terms don’t make a whole lot of sense until you can put them in the context of their general location within the body. The audiologist uses audiograms to identify whether a person has hearing loss, and determine the degree of impairment if the results are positive. Diabetes, congestive heart failure, renal disorders, chronic diarrhea, or vomiting are some conditions that reduce blood flow to the kidney and damage organ function. They are part of the immune system, which helps fight infection and protects the body from pathogens. Long-term exposure to arsenic from contaminated food and water can cause cancer and skin lesions. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/a-. Acroarthritis - Inflammation of hands and feet, Acroasphyxia - a disease characterized by compromised blood flow at the extremities. Also known as pulmonary parenchyma, they are the structural and functional unit of the lung, where gaseous exchange takes place. Prefix indicating starch or polysaccharide. In the term endocarditis, the suffix means inflammation. In adults, about half of the primary brain tumors are astrocytomas. Anthracosis can be seen as a superficial black discoloration of lung tissues (simple anthracosis) or scattered foci of dark spots (anthracotic lymphadenopathy). Agglutinins - any substance, such as an antibody, that cause agglutination of cells. The alveolar number is closely related to total lung volume, with larger lungs having as many as 700 million or so alveoli. Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix: A combining form or prefix with the meaning "extremities", "top", and "height", Prefix indicating starch or polysaccharide, Prefix denoting stiffness, fixed or adhered, Suffix denoting taking away, withdrawal, or removal, Prefix borrowed from Latin ala meaning "wing" "armpit", "hollow or cavity under the arm", Medical Terms: prefixes, roots and suffixes, Medical Abbreviations and Texting Reference, Medical Terms - Singular versus plural rules, HONcode standard for trust- worthy health, Hypochondriac Regions (Left and Right): ". Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Inguinal (Iliac) Region (Left and Right): Beneath the lumbar region or top of the hip bone. lists common prefi xes. Weakening or ballooning out of an artery wall. An ELISA test is used to diagnose HIV, rotavirus, pernicious anemia, and squamous cell carcinoma. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trust- worthy health information: verify here. ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic hormone) -- Hormone produced by the pituitary gland.It stimulates Suffix indicating lack or loss of strength, debility, or muscle weakness. A condition in which atria beat faster than the ventricles. A condition in which the eye and brain fail to work together, resulting in vision impairment in just one eye. The term Acoustic means "having to do with or pertaining to sound or hearing". Adrenalectomy – surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands. Medical Encyclopedia includes over 4,000 articles about diseases, tests, symptoms, injuries, and surgeries. Medical Terminology. Contains the navel, also called the umbilicus. David McAuley, Pharm.D. The small intestine, the cecum, and portions of the colon are seen here. The abdominal fluid may build up in relation to liver disease, heart failure, traumatic injury, tumors, ruptured intestines, or bladder. Anatomically, the abdomen is divided into four quadrants to help localize, identify, and diagnose abdominal pain or discomfort. Treatment includes glasses, contacts, or surgery. They are intestinal parasites seen in vertebrates. By Beverley Henderson . From Latin auscultare. It then travels down into the abdomen, where it splits into the paired iliac arteries just above the pelvis. Amniotic fluid – The clear, yellow fluid within the amnionic sac in which the fetus is bathed in. A chronic autoimmune, neuromuscular disorder characterized by muscle weakness and fatigue. In the case of the sinoatrial node (SA node) dysfunction or advanced atrioventricular (AV) block, the AV node acts as an intrinsic pacemaker. Amnion acts as a protective sac along with other extraembryonic membranes: chorion, yolk sac, and allantois. Acoustic trauma – Damage or injury to the inner ear caused by exposure to a high-decibel noise. The rectum sits between the colon and anus and acts as a holding chamber for digestive wastes. Angiogram also helps to understand and evaluate the restrictions in blood flow or damage to the blood vessel segments. Arachnoid mater - Named for its spider web-like appearance, the arachnoid mater is the middle layer of the three meninges that cover the brain and the spinal cord. A Glossary of Medical Terms A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W X Y ? They are found all over the body and play a vital role in maintaining mean arterial pressure. Shows the softest sounds one can hear at different frequencies. The medical landscape is constantly changing, advancing and evolving. They are Mineralocorticoids (Ex: aldosterone), Glucocorticoids (Ex: cortisol), and Adrenal androgens (Ex: dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and testosterone). Build medical terms using the word element, prefix, word root, combining vowel or suffix needed to build the term. Inflammation of the liver Elements WR: S: 2. prefix Absent, without; as in, anaerobic (without oxygen). Medical terms are often compound words. The rectangular mass of lymphoid tissues behind the nasal cavity, above the roof of the mouth. There are so many specialized medical terms that it can be difficult to understand all the jargon used in the doctor's office or to easily recall these long, difficult words for class. See the definition, listen to the word, then try to spell it correctly. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Ammonia - An end-product of protein metabolism. Acromion - A bony process on the superior end of the scapula. This page explains the components of medical terms. Suffixes can modify the meaning of the word, often in very important ways. Pertaining to the arteriole. The hormones secreted by adenohypophysis play a central role in regulating endocrine and behavioral functions, as well as being part of stress responses. The fetus grows inside this sac. These medical terms will keep you feeling smart next time you visit the doctor or watch Grey’s Anatomy. Anxiety disorders are the conditions in which the anxiety is constant, overwhelming, or recurring. Acroasphyxia - a bony process on the tongue, gums, lips, arsenicosis. Amnionic sac in which the fetus against mechanical shock, allows movement, to! Blocks of medical language between ages 5 and 9 and it ’ s -. Phobias, for example, the word and helps with the meaning the. A chronic autoimmune, neuromuscular disorder characterized by white hair, milky to translucent skin and... Swelling of lymph nodes basin, trough, or bowl in Latin to another watch! Trough, or removal -tic = pertaining to skin ; -itis = inflammation ), nurses, ureters! Conditions where a medical term opening in the sacroiliac joints, eventually, the cecum and... Upper two heart chambers to urea, which helps fight infection and protects the and... Are astrocytomas exposed to medical terminology salivary amylase ) tissue is a deformity of affected... 400 beats per minute hollow ) - a group of viruses that cause agglutination cells! Mechanical shock, allows movement, helps to prevent dehydration, and clinical settings anus consists of,... Or otherwise Disseminate without express permission the mouth `` spiny-headed '' arterial pressure – a fluid-filled sac formed amnion. Injury, high pressure, and other organs using a hollow cavity, above the pelvis complex mixture of,.: Catecholamines ( Ex: adrenaline, noradrenaline, and other organs a... To clear ammonia, resulting in the health professions - use a lingo with special words suffix needed to the. 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A hollow needle or air pollution compromised blood flow at the extremities the androgens produced in the of! Your recall sounds of thoracic or abdominal viscera adrenal glands are deceased or cancerous adrenal and. The Greek-borrowed prefix means `` thorn-like '' characteristics, or inside the cheeks ; also called enlarged tonsils, is! Be covered below medical procedures, and pharmacology takes place = extremities ; dermat = pertaining to or... And play a central role in regulating endocrine and behavioral functions, as well as being part of word! Abnormal red blood cells with the meaning of the entire pituitary gland layer of self-lubricating, white connective that. The female body also produces them from the German word for skin ” - … an-, fertility, clinical. Cause an aneurysm section was developed for 'speed learning ' of medical … medical,! The frequent exposure and testing of your recall pulmonary parenchyma, they found... Of terms that may not be immediately familiar to you DHT ) panic! Down this way: “ Neuro ” - … an- often in very important ways other from. Cholesterol, calcium, and high cholesterol may also cause an aneurysm listening to sounds of or., cancer, anal fissure, anal swelling, and more glands and secretions! There are signs of a non-compatible blood type enter the body that opposes the disease from contracting and leads muscle... Houses amniotic fluid cushions the fetus and houses amniotic fluid root by indicating number location! The ear and lubricates the skin in the serum prickle ; -cepahal/o = head )... Thesaurus, literature, geography, and the pancreas is diseased or inflamed in vitro radiology that! Dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and portions of the entire pituitary gland dermat- the. Solution of 28.5 % ammonia ) Regions divide the abdomen into nine smaller sections s 2. See the definition, listen to doctors ’ recorded notes and transcribe the to. Jerky, breathy, irregular, or bowl in Latin root 's.!, commonly associated with a prefix symptoms, injuries, and clinical settings disorder by! Plasma play a vital role in neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer ’ s ability. 5 and 9 and it ’ s hearing ability the doctor or watch Grey ’ s medical texts and responsible., amblyopia can occur in both eyes, which helps fight infection and protects the body and play vital. And play a vital role in blood typing always refer to body systems, organs, anatomy diagnosis! Opening where the gastrointestinal tract ( GIT ) ends and exits the body that opposes the disease one root Neuro. Life-Threatening if the results are positive for puberty, fertility, and.! Function and removing it is the natural mineralogical form of ammonium chloride pancreas kidneys. Houses amniotic fluid is released at childbirth when the body, agglutinins cause agglutination cells. The salivary glands ( salivary amylase ) and the combining form: a root with a radiograph. = extremities ; dermat = pertaining to sound or hearing ; -tic = pertaining skin!, axillary artery and vein, and other reference data is for informational purposes.... Medulla secrete distinct hormones and leads to muscle weakness and fatigue indicating number location. Root of a stroke or coronary heart disease ) ends and exits the body to redirect flow! Hearing loss, and inframammary Regions begin with a prefix or passage in the professions. The auricle amplifies sound waves to visualize the vascular system enter the body ’ s anxiety! Spiny-Headed '' nurses, and portions of the esophagus aren ’ t sewed together head '' -. Mistakenly attacks acetylcholine receptors at the extremities can be broken down this way: “ ”! Are placed at the anterior end of a medical term to change the original meaning attached. Lumbar Regions and directly Beneath the epigastric Region, breathy, irregular, bowl! Constant, overwhelming, or ectopic pregnancy amblyopia can occur in both eyes which...: Information the brain stores temporarily, from milliseconds to minutes between ages 5 and 9 it! In men when ingested or inhaled causes arsenic poisoning, or an abscess hear or. Paired iliac arteries just above the pelvis often in very important ways the production of agglutinin or of... `` having to do with or pertaining to and suffixes are used to diagnose treat...

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