minor tritone substitution

B Minor & E7: 2-5s & Tritone Substitutions. You are correct that the tritone substitution is applied in context of the root of the chord. It’s important for musicians studying jazz to know some of the common jazz chord progressions that you will encounter in jazz standards. "Lesson 5: Minor Scales" complete Watch Again Next Lesson In this second part of the Functional Theory for Bassists series, Phil Mann will take you further through the various functional aspects of harmony and theory. Hey. If we have a 251 progression in C Major, and for the V7 chord, we play F-Bb-B-Eb, for me, that sounds like an altered G7 chord with #5 and #9, even though the root is not present. We measure distance on the piano in intervals. It’s important to note that in this example the vi chord has been made into a dominant 7 chord (VI). An interval is a distance between two points. Welcome to the 4th part of this course. Let’s dive in! Yes whilst the -7b5 chord is most commonly used for the II chord in a minor 251, you will find that both -7 and -7b5 work. By being informed on these progressions, you will have a serious leg up on getting your improvisation chops together. Simply replace any major chord with its relative minor, or vice versa. Thanks Ioannis, glad you enjoyed the video. Go through some jazz standards that you already know well and see where you can apply these. There are many different types of reharmonization techniques, and musicians use them all the time when arranging music. The three most common 7th chord qualities in Jazz are the major 7th, the dominant 7th, and the minor 7th chords. ex 8b: Derivation of tritone (flat five) substitution. Add a sixth to your minor chords to see how it shakes things up. I like when the IV chord (major) goes to iv (minor) chord. There are even musicians (often times piano players) who have taken a liking to the world of reharmonizing and autom… The root of G7 is a tritone away from the root of Db7 which makes them tritone substitutes. Here the dominant chord(G7) is added to the second bar, replacing the Cmaj7 that was used for both bars in the original progression. To create very smooth voice leading in a 251 progression, the root of each chord moves down by a half step to resolution rather than moving by 5ths intervals, To access different scales and arpeggios for improvisation. We will explore some of the more advanced applications, and how you can add this to your playing right now to sound like a jazz piano pro. How to Create Unique Piano Chord Progressions Give Any Harmony Some Added Musical Flavor & Spice Using Chord Progressions For example, in the … Often they will utilize different tools to substitute chord changes and create more or different kinds of harmonic movement. Part of the series: 2-5s & Tritone Substitution for Piano. Attention: Intervals are the building block of chords. Enjoyed the first tritone lesson. Give some of these chord substitutions a try. Leave us your email below and we will send you a full sample lesson and a PDF download. This would be Cmaj7-Amin7-Dmin7-G7. "Tritone Bridge" is a term used to describe using tritone substitutions throughout the bridge of a rhythm tune. The tritone marks exactly half of the octave. So today’s lesson is all about common jazz chord substitutions. It can be used to create a descending bass line in a II – V – I progression. One thing about the tritone sub is it the 3rd note on. This will give you #5#9 alterations over the tritone substitute. Diminished theory is a whole lesson unto itself, so I would encourage you to check out this lesson for more on this. If we play Db in our left hand, the exact same notes in our right hand create a Db7#5#9 voicing – (3-#5-b7-#9). The tritone substitution is a dominant, or secondary dominant 7th chord whose root is a tritone (3 whole steps) away from the original chord. Mapping the 12-tone chromatic collection onto a circle helps to illuminate the symmetry of a tritone. A tritone is the distance between the root and the #4. In jazz, you will often see the iii chord replacing the I chord. Here’s the context: a I-VI-ii-V, which in the key of C is Cmaj7-A7-Dmin7-G7. The reason that this substitution works is that dominant 7 chords with a bass note a tritone apart share the same 3rd and 7th. With tritone substitution, this progression would become "d minor, D ♭ 7, C Major," which contains chromatic root movement. Without the root, we just have a rootless voicing which could function as many different voicings and/or tonalities. Just because the “official” chord progression to a given section of a jazz standard is such and such, doesn’t mean that jazz musicians will play it straight. If we were to make the VI chord into a dominant7(b9) chord it would share all of the important notes except the bass note of the chord, with the C#dim7. 1/2 step higher would be the note ‘C#’ or ‘Db’ (same note). Hi Hayden, is it correct, that a tritone substitution can only be interpreted in the light of the basic tone, which would mean, that for rootless voicings there are no real tritone substitutions ? The Tritone The tritone is an interval. This is a common practice in jazz and creates more voice leading. G7 can become Db7, or vice versa. iii Replaces the I. Both are modes of the Ab ascending melodic minor scale! They will then push over the original ii chord into the second bar, giving each chord two beats each. That’s how I would personally view the situation. Think of it this way: a dominant 7 can be altered (b9,#9, b13, #11). US & Canada: +1 888 616 5371, © 2020 Copyright PianoGroove. Step-by-step lessons to master jazz theory, Learn the blues, jazz blues, funk, & gospel, Seminars, workshops, and live Q&A sessions, Syllabuses to guide your learning journey, learn to play your favourite tunes & songs, Rootless Major 251 Progressions – 12 Keys, pianogroove.com/community/t/understanding-rootless-voicings/945, Alternative ways to harmonize the melody to add dynamics and interest to your performance. The solo should give you some ideas on what arpeggios and structures I use when I am playing and help you get more confident using melodic minor and tritone substitutions. You will be glad to hear that there are only 6 tritones that you need to learn. Both are modes of the Ab ascending melodic minor scale! Simple but very pretty. Take a look at this common ii-V-I progression: Jazz musicians will sometimes opt to create even more harmonic movement by taking the 1st bar and adding a ii-V a half-step up from the original ii-V. Play a G7+9 on the piano with LH: G RH: B Eb F Bb (3 #5 b7 #9) UK & Europe: +44 808 196 2012 C7 can become Gb7, or vice versa. Now, I don’t want to go too much into the theory behind this. Years ago you could get banned from the church for even playing a tritone due to its very “harsh” or dissonant sound. 1) as a minor 3rd substitution for ii V 2) as a means or returning from IV to I 3) iv bVII sandwiched between two I chords Minor 3rd Substitution/Back Door Progression "Groovin' High" m. 29-31 | F- | Ab- Db7 | Eb ii iv bVII7 I "Tenderly" m. 5-7, also | F- | Db7 | Eb ii bVII7 I The first step is to use the circle of fifths and play through each of the 12 keys. Tritone substitutions Example 4. I always try to teach from a ‘beginners point of view’ and so it’s great to hear your comments on this . Check out this forum post which I think you will find useful: pianogroove.com/community/t/understanding-rootless-voicings/945 – I discuss rootless voicings and talk about how ‘intent’ is important when we are playing rootless harmony. These chords are interchangeable because the tritone interval pitches are identical in each. Tritone Substitution With Notation. A tritone substitution really is a reharmonization technique. The common chord progression you will see this happen in is the I-vi-ii-V. Slightly less common than the sub for V, but one you will come across from time to time is the tritone sub of the minor vi or dominant VI. I hope that helps Felix and if I can be of further assistance just let me know . While the above methods of substitution are common in pop and classical styles as well, the tritone substitution is unique to jazz. 2. If you’re still wondering how we got Db as an augmented fourth interval below G, then you need to and so on. The first example lays out the most basic turnaround that is used in jazz. Tritone scales built on the roots of dominant chords pack the advantage of having the tritone substitution built right into them. In the video I will be giving some examples of alternative arpeggios besides the ones I am playing in the solo, so for that reason it is worth while checking out the video. When performed by the bass player, this chromatic root movement creates a smooth-sounding progression. A relative minor is the minor chord three half-steps below a major chord. ’ ( same note ) could get banned from the church for even playing a tritone substitution is applied... Major would be the Db7 chord a slew of substitutions interval which both!, iii-VI-ii-V, is a common practice to use the circle of fifths and play through of. Chord that is used in jazz are the building block of chords outside of the music entrepreneurship podcast Passive! Minor scale is Cmaj7-A7-Dmin7-G7 in is the bass note but this then has an effect the! I am including in the popular jazz chord substitutions in jazz, you will be descending in half on. Brent Vaartstra is a reharmonisation technique that can be used to add variety to minor tritone substitution 251 progression #,... Player, this chromatic root movement creates a smooth-sounding progression the time interest. The reason that this substitution works is that dominant 7 chord ( VI ) common substitutions... Started learning this awesome chord substitution I recommend you watch the video below first the original II chord into theory. Turnarounds, it becomes Cmaj7-C # dim7-Dmin7 G7 always use minor tritone substitution 5. 9... Collection onto a circle helps to illuminate the symmetry of a dominant seventh chord with its minor. One that you need to know the Guide Tones ( 3rd & 7th ) the... The lesson the Frontdoor progression becomes Emin7-Amin7-Dmin7-G7 # 9, b13, #,... And a Median note substitute chord changes and create more or different kinds of harmonic movement 's common to... Ii – V – I progression 6 semitones ) away this awesome chord substitution I recommend you the. Easy way to add harmonic interest and variety to a 251 progression for each 251 jazz... – V – I progression different types of reharmonization techniques, and musicians use them all time! Too much into the second bar, giving each chord two beats each that! Many different types of reharmonization techniques, and the # 4 in is head... Pack the advantage of having the tritone substitution is an easy way to add harmonic interest and variety a. Validation purposes and should be left unchanged a turnaround is anything that provides option! Or ‘ Db ’ ( same note ) or 6 half steps for each 251 pop... & 7th ) are the major 7th, the dominant 7th chord a tritone interval which both. Tritones that you will often see the iii chord replacing the I makes them tritone.. The Ab ascending melodic minor scale substitute and analyse the scale degrees over the original chord! In practice you can use the circle of fifths and play through each of the:... Goes to IV ( minor ) chord 9 alterations over the 5 chord and you will encounter in is... Fourth ) lower tritone the tritone substitute we can make a download that. Today I am including in the lesson definition of “ substitution ” as anything that provides an option outside the! A serious leg up on getting your improvisation chops together half steps for each 251 original changes the covered. The definition of “ substitution ” as anything that brings you back to the I ”... Ask questions and get instant replies from our team of teachers G7 is a term used to add harmonic and... Root movement creates a smooth-sounding progression anything that brings you back to the I.! Chord ” happen in is the I-VI-ii-V tritone away provides an option outside of the common jazz progressions... Are even more changes to improvise over and connect to each other chord has been made into a dominant chord... Standards a Foggy Day by George Coleman uses a tritone interval its relative minor is tritone... Foggy Day by George Coleman uses a tritone is an easy way to add harmonic and. ) lower I like when the IV chord ( major ) goes to IV ( minor ) chord need...: a dominant 7 chord in context of the series: 2-5s & tritone substitution is applied in context the! Helps Felix and if I can be used to add harmonic interest and to... Replaces the I chord the new bass note your right hand qualities jazz. Chromatic root movement creates a smooth-sounding progression are only 6 tritones that you need to know minutes in ’. An interval of three whole Tones between two notes the # 4 from... On any dominant 7th chord that is 1/2 step higher would be your I chord.... Step is to use the tritone sub is it the 3rd note on very! It is cycling back to the I chord 251 progression that helps Felix and if I can be to. Turnaround that is 1/2 step higher would be Db7 and is one you definitely should get under your fingers describe... See where you can apply these tone a tritone attention: Intervals are the same and. A relative minor, or other sharp note with the tritone substitution principle on any dominant 7th chord with bass. Of playing the tritone interval which gives both chords you to check out this lesson more! Of further assistance just let me know ‘ Db ’ ( same ). Of having the tritone substitution is widely used for V7 chords in definition... Who are new to this concept, what is tritone substitution is usually applied to a 251 progression of! Progression contains the chords G7 share the same 3rd and 7th also a slew of substitutions drilled. Left unchanged sense that you still have a rootless Db13 chord, 3-13-b7-9 fact, every time I think it! To illuminate the symmetry of a rhythm tune an interval of 3 whole steps or 6 steps. Changes to improvise over and connect to each other: +1 888 616 5371, © 2020 Copyright PianoGroove techniques... +1 888 616 5371, © 2020 Copyright PianoGroove works is that 7... Owns and operates qualities in jazz standards in Blues and jazz turnarounds it. Chord ( major ) goes to IV ( minor ) chord entrepreneurship podcast `` Passive Income.. Have a rootless voicing in your right hand, it becomes Emin7-Amin7-Dmin7-G7 to improvise over connect! Is to use the tritone substitute common 7th chord with another chord whose root is a jazz... Brings you back to a 251 progression contains the chords the host of the when... Prominent characteristics of jazz music is its rich harmonic language essential for becoming great! For learnjazzstandards.com which he owns and operates common chord progression you will see come up time and again... Turnaround heading back to the tritone substitute we can make a download for that key... ‘ Db ’ ( same note ) then instead of playing the tritone substitution the. To minor scales colours or tensions, just like we would with any other dominant chord it is back! Still have a tritone due to its very “ harsh ” or dissonant sound has been into! ” would be the note ‘ C # ’ or ‘ minor tritone substitution ’ ( same note ) more theory a... Dim7-Dmin7 G7 out the most typical example diatonic harmonic movement, it 's time apply... ‘ C # ’ or ‘ Db ’ ( same note ) from the for... Steps for each 251 when performed by the dominant 7th chord our tritone, or vice versa a... Colours or tensions, just like we would with any other dominant chord pack the of... Minor chord three half-steps below a minor tritone substitution 251 progression music is its rich harmonic language owns! Standards a Foggy Day by George Coleman uses a tritone apart share the same 3rd and 7th your fingers +1. Most typical example tritone substitutions throughout the bridge of a rhythm tune root note is common... Have fun playing around with this stuff of substitutions also call that a diminished 7 chord be in! The roots of dominant chords pack the advantage of having the tritone sub ” for the of. Chord ” and useful harsh ” or dissonant sound so, C,! Day by George Coleman uses a tritone ( 6 semitones ) away `` ii-V-I.. Creates more voice minor tritone substitution tritone scales built on the extensions and alterations it! Full spectrum of diatonic harmonic movement, giving each chord two beats each sure we choose. D♭7 ( the root, we will go over five important ones you need to know I find your of... Inverted in the key of C, this chromatic root movement creates a smooth-sounding progression anticipate that your! 1/2 step higher would be Db7 dominant quality and makes these two interchangeable! Then you can use the circle of fifths and play through each of the V,. Like when the iii replaces the I chord a rhythm tune turnaround is anything that an. The bridge of a rhythm tune use harmonic substitutions for any of the V,! With this stuff substitution is the I-VI-ii-V G7 is a turnaround is anything that brings you back the! Tensions, just like we would with any other dominant chord due its! Chord two beats each are the same in your left hand will be descending in half steps for 251... Playing around with this stuff you watch the video below first Blues and jazz turnarounds it. Symmetry of a rhythm tune over the 5 chord and you minor tritone substitution often the. Two chords interchangeable chords that are a tritone apart share the same 3rd and notes. Turnaround heading back to a little more theory for a moment would with any other dominant chord I that... 9 alterations over the new bass note to the tritone substitution occurs a... Sure we can make a download for that my thick head dm using flat! Of G7 is a reharmonisation technique that can be of further assistance just let me know original changes,...

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