EFFECTIVE LESSON PLANNING Presented by Vicki Duff Mentor Training Coordinator Department of Education 609-292-0189 firstname.lastname@example.org 2. If you plan your lesson carefully, you’re already off on the right foot in achieving a great lesson. Remember, start with what you want students to learn and then plan … -the time allotted to your activities, Has an ear for melodies and may be a singer. -the way you checked for your students’ understanding. This will mean you are fully prepared for possible problems and tricky questions. But, how about ‘time for student involvement? A daily lesson plan is developed by a teacher to guide class learning” (Wikipedia). Your students will also understand the rationale for each activity and so get more attentive and engaged. Because, it’s the notion of time and organization which we, as instructors, often struggle with. Prevents the teacher take another path when teaching. But, most importantly, we plan to get more organized and make effective use of our time. Materials and resources: you must also include every material you will use in the lesson in the plan. Shifting students from one task to the next more efficiently is a common issue among teachers. 6. Some lessons may require more than one aim. When your lesson plan intends to build upon students’ prior knowledge, you’ll know how to cover their misconceptions that are actively interfering with their ability to learn the new material. Characteristics of Good Lesson Plans A lesson plan helps us to teach better. Having the aim in mind will prevent you from losing focus or just teaching your favourite topics. Incorporating scaffolding in our instructional practices can help our students develop such potential. So many teachers forget to … Auditory Learner. I’d love for you to leave a comment and let me know. Effective Lesson Planning: Procedures and Tips. A major teachers’ task is to grab their students’ attention from the start of the lesson. Incorporate tones and … However, you must allow some room for spontaneity. But, rather as the starting point for teachers to reflect and streamline. Assumptions: this is also called presumed student knowledge or previous knowledge. A lesson plan helps the teacher to evaluate his teaching and to … Our role as educators is no more about disseminating information, but it is about cultivating students’ minds to be able to act more independently and self-regulate their learning. 8. 13. on the characteristics of an effective lesson plan *Provides clear instruction, explanations, expectations and assessments. Your lesson plan needs to show clearly those transitions. To this end, an effective lesson plan should not be only descriptive (describing what and how you should do things in your lesson) but also evaluative (indicating at the end of the day what worked and didn’t work in your class and why). EPIBA is a simple approach to help scaffold and support science teachers to plan science lessons that enable students to make good progress. It is important to plan each procedure in advance, paying attention to content, timing and who’s involved in the activity. So, it’s not always using the whiteboard, the textbook, teacher’s handouts, asking the same questions and interacting with the same students. You can do a quiz or address a set of questions to tap such preexisting knowledge. In addition to the common characteristics, each content area below has developed a set of content specific characteristics that demonstrate highly effective teaching and learning. These guides also have solved problems and notes which helps to save the time of teachers. This is because you’ve already planned how to correct them and provide practice to help them use accurate knowledge. Lesson planning is the development of a set of habits of thought, not the filling in of a lesson plan template. 5 Main Characteristics of an Effective Lesson Plan 19 December 2020/ By Zineb DJOUB. 3- Presentation: Present the new material using the suitable techniques, write the procedures that you will … This will serve as the background to every other thing that will go into planning the lesson. Writing the lesson plan … I encourage you to think of your best lesson. Good and bad lesson plans The table below lists some of the main characteristics of good and bad lesson plans which should concern you from the start of your PTE and you could print it out and use it as an quick check when planning your lessons. Students do not come into our courses as blank slates, but rather with knowledge gained in other courses and through daily life. A thorough lesson plan inspired the teacher to improve the lesson plan further. For instance, i. are examples of what the teacher set to achieve personally in the lesson. Because in their lesson plan most teachers indicate the stages they need to follow during their lessons along with their selected content, timing and materials. A big part of having lesson plans is being able to track your teaching activities throughout the term. The teacher is strongly advises, at least in the early stages, to … 3. The first step is to plan your lesson from the student’s point of view. The aims should be written at the top of the lesson plan to serve as a guide to other things that will go into the plan. Even if your questions are simple or easy to handle, this wait time should be always provided. Most of all, your students will benefit from your preparation. • What are some commonly held ideas (or possibly misconceptions) about this topic that students might be familiar with? Other parts are modifications you can make to improve a lesson’s effectiveness. If you have, for example, decided to do a discussion task for 10 minutes, consider also your wait time. It should preferably have the general overview of the aims and objectives of the course, the plan of teaching and learning activities of the course and the activities planned to check the students’ understanding. For instance, in a reading comprehension task, you assign the same text for students to read in the class (the same input). Sometimes activities take longer, or students finish sooner than anticipated. Image Source: messiahhistory.files.wordpress.com/2015/04/history-book.jpg You need to analyse the language point you are going to teach: its form, meaning and pronunciation. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. You’ll also learn when you should intervene to put an end to students’ discussion or debate in case negative arguments start to arise. and this should be seen happening in the lesson. This aspect of the lesson plan deals with what students have already covered in previous lessons or courses and so should be familiar with. If you want to learn more about the process of lesson planning you can check out this post: Effective Lesson Planning: Procedures and Tips. Yuck! Very good teachers therefore will be unafraid to change what they have planned if it is clearly not meeting the original learning objectives. There are many excellent guides with good resources using the syllabus that enables a teacher to prepare an effective lesson plan. Use the preceding points as a checklist to make sure you are planning your lessons in the most effective way possible. Incorporate All Learning Styles. But be flexible: if something actually takes longer than you anticipated, take time to finish your main lesson aim and drop secondary aims. And what you should do when students feel bored or off task. This is through using questions and documenting the process they use to come up with a final research question. It states why you are doing something, or why the students are doing something. Another one will practise evaluating internet sources, justifying their choice of electronic citations, etc. Because transitions are not just statements like saying to students: “Okay, let’s move on to the next point”. Generally speaking the following are the characteristics of a good lesson plan: It should be written: A lesson plan preferable be written and should not remain at the oral or mental stage. Content does matter to our students’ success. Evaluation. Planning a great lesson takes time and effort. When you plan for your transitions, you’ll make them more purposeful. Students who performed well on a previous drama activity may turn this text into a role play. The form is the fixed part of the sentence: it does not change and is generally the ‘grammar’ part. Aims: the aim is the overall idea of what you set to achieve in the lesson. What are the Characteristics of a Good Lesson-Plan? You will have to make on-the-spot decisions, to either drop an activity or add something new, but without affecting your main lesson aims. These are all reflected in Appendix One – Lesson Plan. In other words, is the documented structure which are specified the goals to achieve. Example quoted to teach and explain the subject matter should be related to the everyday life of the child. It’s also about using effective transitions to move from activity to the next. It tells us what should be done, how and when in a lesson. So, on the basis of what you know about your students, you can offer variety within tasks or a variety of tasks. Lesson planning for science lessons. So, we overestimate students ’ prior knowledge and thus build new knowledge on a shaky foundation. For instance, a grammar-oriented lesson may culminate in a speaking activity. Indeed, planning for those moments helps you know when you should stop talking and give opportunities for students to speak and express themselves. It’s true that our lesson plan guides us. These include acting and using materials to sustain students’ curiosity about what’s coming next. • How will I check their prior knowledge? Your lesson plan can open up avenues for you to innovate and make change based on your students’ learning needs. When you plan for differentiated lessons, you also plan for extension tasks for faster students so that you can maintain their interest and engagement throughout the lesson. Is a systematic and process document based on scientific preparation. The language of the lesson, especially, depends so much on the class of learners. What’s the purpose of planning for our lessons? And covering the syllabus is required, but it is not a sign of teachers’ success since it doesn’t necessarily imply that students are making progress. A lesson plan is a clear working document for the teacher. So, what is scaffolding in education? Many of the elements of a great lesson plan are innately tied to each other and key to its sequence. Effective lesson planning requires the teacher to determine three essential components: the objective, the body, and a reflection. Good Planning: Characteristics # 2. This is what makes your lesson plan effective. Ask questions In this case, the target language (grammar) will be the main aim while the language skill (speaking) will be the secondary aim of the lesson. This is where you need to be flexible with regards to your lesson plan. Treats students with respect and caring. To give feedback on content. In order to access the characteristics in each content area, please click a content area below. Those moments we need to devote to students to think, interact, act, speak up their minds and also have some fun and enjoy learning together. The time is the very approximate estimate of how long something is likely to take. We might not be able to manage everything happening in the classroom. Therefore, an effective lesson plan should allow for more flexibility. Your lesson plan can be a powerful teaching resource to support your students to learn and improve. Needs of Lesson Planning 2.1. All of my great lessons allow students to create, play, and demonstrate. A lesson plan does not necessarily have to be a detailed script that contains the plan of every interaction with students in the classroom. For this purpose, your lesson plan needs to reflect this objective. For instance. What can we do in any type of lesson, with any group of learners, to ensure this remains the overriding focus for everybody – teachers and students? 5. Some people include a script in their lessons, but I don’t like that as it can come off as unnatural and lock a teacher into a structure that may not suit their unique students. You’ll know how to shift students from one task to the next without distracting their attention or making them feel uncomfortable (for those who address unrelated questions). Clear and realistic aims are essential if a lesson is going to be successful. Rather than letting the content take control of the lesson, ensure that the lesson is in control of the content. It comes out spontaneously as you go through teaching. • What will I do to introduce this topic? While others are either talkative, off-task or passive and watching the whole class. For instance, if your material runs short or your class might not respond well to a particular activity, you have something to fall back on. Other characteristics (for example concerning differentiation) will be discussed in These characteristics can be used in any grade. It also entails varying the way you provide your instruction. For instance, to develop their research skills, you can assign a range of tasks for students to do in groups. So, a good lesson plan, prevent over- reliance on textbooks. • What do my students need to know before learning the lesson’s topic? So, it needs to stimulate your questioning and spark your curiosity to find out what works best with your students. The meaning is what the sentence means in the particular context, while the pronunciation has to do with anticipating every point of confusion students might face in trying to say the structure in the most natural way. So, use it as a reflective tool to foster their learning. You can make it better... 2. Yet, flexibility doesn’t only mean varying activities and tasks. Also, you should plan for differentiated lessons. May enjoy drawing and is probably very observant. If you want to gauge students’ views about the lesson’s topic, you might introduce a text, a video, or any other visual prompt to generate discussion and debate among them. Understanding what scaffolding means in the educational setting is necessary to make effective use of its strategies. Here are five basic teaching strategies to deliver an effective lesson plan. Before making any decision about your content, think about the following questions : During the lesson, ask your pupils to write any questions or ideas you want them to take away on stickers and as they leave, take the stickers with them ; Standing at the door at the end of a lesson and asking each pupil to relate something they learned and how it corresponds to one of the lesson objectives before bidding them goodbye. They involve using questions, prompts, and different kinds of cues. Although the contents of a lesson plan vary from one teacher to another, there are some universal components that guarantee the effectiveness of the plan. To meet students’ needs and interests and help them learn, teachers’ flexibility is required. You can achieve this goal and support your students to learn better. By the end of this lesson, students will have developed speaking skills in the context of discussing their future plans using the first conditional and the future time clause. An effective lesson plan may reflect a number of teaching characteristics – delivery of teaching and learning strategies, behaviour management and the classroom environment. I need more of this in my classroom. Do they share any of these characteristics? Any late comer will only need to go through the board record to understand what has been taught. 1. A good lesson plan will be one which is a clear working document. 2.1.1. -the procedures used to introduce your activities, You might decide to start with a revision of previous content because it’s relative to the learning requirements of your lesson. A key component to this step is a review of any previous material taught which the new lesson might build upon. 2. A good lesson plan takes this into account by implementing differentiated learning techniques into what was once traditional lecture. To be part of our routine, these transitions are to be taught to our students through explicit explanations, clear models, rehearsal, and review. This part of the plan is often done in a tabular form on a different sheet of paper. The interaction concerns who is working with whom – individual work/pair work/group work / whole class. It supports teachers to get more organized, feel confident and focused on their goals. To start, come up with an active objective. Planning is an integral part of the teaching process. 7 Characteristics of Good Lesson Plan For Effective Teachers (1) A distinct form. The lesson plan should not be considered as an end in itself. The Term "Lesson Plan" is conveyed in a different way by different people. Therefore, when writing the lesson plan we focus on timing appropriately each task or activity. You’ll also know how to make those inattentive on task and encourage those passive to get more involved. To improve on timing, ii. According to Bossing, “Lesson plan is the title given to the statement of the achievements to be realized and the specific means by which these are to be attained as a result of the activities engaged in, during the period”. Achieving coherence and flow does not only mean ensuring that the sequence of activities is logical and progresses from a basic level to a more complex skill level. Have ever thought about them when planning for our lessons? And we try our best to cover the syllabus and reach the necessary progress in delivering our lessons. A terrific plan ensures that all materials are ready to go before the lesson begins, is anticipatory of potential issues or problems, and takes advantage of opportunities to extend the lesson beyond its core concepts. This is by providing a variety of activities and tasks in a lesson and a series of lessons, thereby helping students interact and process content differently. Anticipated difficulties and Solutions: it is necessary that you anticipate some difficulties that students might face with the activities or the target language and be ready with solutions. Having your board record planned helps put your board to good use such that, you may not need to clean the board throughout the lesson. 2. Finally, to allow for more flexibility, your lesson plan should also provide extra options or alternatives tasks in case the unexpected happens. But, what is more challenging and tough is maintaining their attention and engagement throughout its stages. This emphasises the point that lessons should be part of an overall syllabus or structure, with links not just within a single lesson, but between different lessons. For instance, playing certain music, showing a video, a picture, flashcards, an object that relate to the next idea/task, making gestures, sounds to point out to that. It is Simple: A goods plan must be simple and comprehensive. The lesson has clearly marked parts; it is not a mere collection of unconnected facts but an... (2) Unity of Idea. Stage/aim/procedure/interaction/time: this is an important part of a lesson plan. Lesson-plan should be child-centred. In every lesson, we have students who are interactive, asking questions, answering, and even raising issues which go beyond the lesson’s objectives. Yet, let me tell you in practice things look different! If conducted properly, observations can be a means of assessing teaching and learning and also as a way of developing teachers’ skills and knowledge. Length of the Lesson: a good lesson must have a clearly stated time span. Reflecting on these questions will help you decide on the necessary tasks to do during the opening stage of your lessons to activate and assess your students’ prior knowledge. Inspiration. “A lesson plan is a teacher's detailed description of the course of instruction or "learning trajectory" for a lesson. They will work on that text differently. 1. Instead of, "Today we'll cover the causes of the Civil War," try reframing it so that the lesson seems a little more engaging. Thus, giving them more time to focus and teacher. You can reflect on : Lesson planning for science: the EPIBA framework. 1. 2) A variety of tasks: Students work on different tasks. For your lesson plan, the aim is what you think your students should be able to do better by the end of the lesson. Providing the logic and consistency needed to make effective use of its strategies realistic aims essential... You might decide to start with a final research question final research question ideas sharing. 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Of cues it is a common issue among teachers reach the necessary progress in delivering our lessons aspect the... Depends so much on the board in your lesson plan will be one which a! Your teaching experience and/goal Department of Education 609-292-0189 victoria.duff @ doe.state.nj.us 2 ’ part lessons... Play, and different kinds of cues in our instructional practices can help students. And other imagery in your lessons in the classroom ( 1 ) a distinct form our lessons which for. Vital qualities of an effective lesson plan should allow for more flexibility planning for our lessons to. Expectations and assessments do when students feel bored or off task scaffolding in instructional! Use the preceding points as a checklist to make sure you are doing something or!